Foot and Mouth Disease

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Updated 24th June 2022

Outbreak situation

  • On 9 May 2022, Indonesia notified the OIE of an FMD outbreak in East Java and Aceh provinces. According to the notification, the outbreak started on 12 April 2022.
  • There are now reports that up to 81,800 livestock have been infected with FMS, involving  spread to 18 provinces.
  • Indonesia media  has reported that vaccines are now being imported, and vaccination commeneced  on the 14th of June 2022
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) will likely coordinate an emergency response team to deploy to Indonesia to assist in managing the outbreak.

Response, Planning & Preparedness

Since being notified of the outbreak, the department has:

  • advised chief veterinary officers in New Zealand, Timor-Leste and Papua New Guinea, state and territory chief veterinary officers, National Biosecurity Committee members and industry stakeholders of the outbreak (6 May)
  • circulated an Overseas Disease Alert Notification (9 May) and an Operational Change of Advice (10 May) which alerts department and operational staff of the new risk (posed by the change in disease status) and to follow new advice
  • emailed and provided exporters, Australian Accredited Veterinarians and LiveCorp with a fact sheet (10 May)
  • published an import Industry Advisory Notice (11 May)
  • updated the department’s FMD-free country list to remove Indonesia and published a BICON Alert (11 May)
  • suspended or varied relevant import permits for animal products from Indonesia that may carry FMD
  • A departmental assurance working group was established to undertake an assurance review of the department's preparations to manage the threat of FMD entering Australia.
  • ABARES has updated their 2013 estimate on the direct economic impacts of a FMD incursion in Australia to around $80 billion in $2020-21 with a 3% discount rate. (ABARES 2022 estimate based on Buetre et al. (2013) updating for current industry conditions and adopting the discounting approach outlined in Hone et al. (2022)).