Artificial breeding of horses and related species


Ratification Date: 31 Jan 2009


Artificial breeding techniques are viable options for propagation of horses and related species.


Artificial insemination using fresh, chilled or frozen semen and embryo transfer have been used in many animal species for many years. These technologies have advantages for disease control, improvements in the rate of genetic gain, dissemination of elite genetics, cost efficiency for export and import, and assisting in the preservation of endangered equine species.

In addition to these core procedures, newer technologies such as semen sexing will be continually examined and developed.


All artificial breeding procedures of horses should be conducted or supervised by a suitably experienced, registered veterinarian.

The welfare of donor and recipient horses must be considered at all times, and appropriate measures taken to ensure that animal welfare standards are maintained.

Codes of practice are required to cover the following areas:

  • minimum training requirements to undertake artificial breeding of horses
  • quality control of semen and embryos
  • standard disease control measures
  • minimum facility requirements
  • standard agreements between veterinarians and clients
  • use of donor horses with genetic defects.

Date of ratification by AVA Board February 2009